Swimming, racquet sports and aerobics are the only sport activities that can actually make an impact on long-term health effects, according to new research from Finland’s Dr. Pekka Oja.

Published on November 28, 2016 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, the findings of this study suggest that no significant associations between reductions in all-cause mortality were observed in those participating in cycling, football and running.

The six different types of sports/exercise listed above were analyzed for their association with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality risk. A large pool of Scottish and English population participants were tested, male and female.