The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has opened the Haiti Apparel Center (HAC) to help Haiti grow its private sector workforce by training more than 2,000 professionals per year for the country's garment industry.
“The new training center will play a key role in developing Haiti's garment industry and leading the nation to a more prosperous and stable path,” said Ambassador Merten. “It's a further indicator of the United States' deep commitment to the Haitian people as they build back better. We welcome this opportunity to work with the Government of Haiti and local development and apparel industry experts to create jobs in the production of quality garments for today's global marketplace.”
“The apparel center promotes economic recovery and long-term growth and helps Haiti tap into the tremendous potential of the garment industry. It will provide opportunities to improve the lives of thousands by increasing job skills and enabling Haitians to earn more,” said Weisenfeld. “In the last 30 years, the number of skilled garment workers in Haiti has dramatically declined, but we hope to reverse that trend.”
In the 1980s there were about 150,000 garment workers in Haiti; now there are around 20,000. The value of Haitian apparel exports to the United States in 2009 amounted to roughly $512 million, employing more than 25,000 Haitians. The HELP Act, which has been widely supported by Congress, significantly expands Haiti's trade preferences to the U.S. It also promotes investment in Haiti and supports the rebuilding of the garment sector which was significantly damaged over the years due to political unrest and more recently by the earthquake. According to a Congressional Research Service report issued in June, rebuilding costs for the industry are estimated at $38 million to refurbish damaged buildings, replace machinery and train new employees.
USAID's economic growth programs are designed to facilitate trade; rebuild the private sector; increase incomes; reduce corruption; strengthen financial and business development services for micro, small and medium enterprises; create short and long-term job opportunities, and improve youth workforce skills which will lay the groundwork for future growth.
Haiti Apparel Center Cultivating a Modernized Workforce
The HAC is part of “Konbit Ak Tet Ansanm” (KATA), a four-year, $104.8 million USAID designed and financed job-creation initiative. In partnership with CHF International, it provides training and improves manufacturing skills of workers involved in the textile industry — including sewing machine operators and mechanics and quality-control supervisors. The facility also offers executive seminars to senior managers, factory owners and leaders in the business community.
All applicants take a test on dexterity, color blindness, basic literacy and numeracy. Students who are accepted as sewing machine operators are then enrolled for a six-week course that includes training on how to work in a formal work environment and a curriculum developed by [TC]2, one of the leading associations that represents garment buyers. After graduating from the program, students will be highly sought after by employers. In advance of its formal opening, the HAC has trained more than 50 sewing machine operators, and 13 operator trainers have already graduated. All of these students are now employed — and the operators now rank among the top performers in local garment assembly plants.
The more than 6,000-square-meter HAC facility was provided by the Government of Haiti and renovated and operated by USAID partner CHF International-Haiti. It's located in the SONAPI industrial park — minutes from the garment factories in and around Port-au-Prince and close to workers' residential neighborhoods.