Nautilus, Inc. conducted its second annual Fitness IQ survey, revealing that Americans (scoring an average of 42 percent) and Europeans (scoring an average of 39 percent) both failed when it comes to general health and fitness knowledge.

“Knowledge is the first step in encouraging us to make smart decisions about what we eat and to get us moving.” The survey, powered by Survey Sampling International, questioned 2,600 men and women ages 18 and older in May 2016, including participants in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the U.K. and the U.S. The survey examined general consumer understanding of health, nutrition and fitness topics.

While Americans scored slightly higher among survey participants, the national U.S. average score did not change from 2015 to 2016. In addition, this year’s survey took a closer look at several Western European countries, revealing average failing scores overall.

Germany scored somewhat higher than other participating European countries, with respondents answering correctly 40 percent of the time. France scored somewhat lower than other countries surveyed, scoring an average of 37 percent. Italy and Spain scored an average of 38 percent, while the U.K. scored an average of 39 percent. The survey revealed that common misconceptions around nutrition, exercise and workouts persist on an international scale.

For example:

More than half of Americans (55 percent) and Europeans (61 percent) did not know the recommended daily calorie intake for adults — about 2,000 calories.

About 48 percent of Americans and 53 percent of Europeans believed that fat can turn into muscle as a result of weight training.

Over half of Europeans (59 percent) did not understand the wide spectrum of benefits that strength training can offer: improving cardio fitness, burning calories and fat, and aiding in weight loss.

Only 36 percent of Europeans and 23 percent of Americans could accurately define body weight exercises — strength training moves that do not require free weights, but rather use an individual’s own weight to provide resistance.

A high number of Europeans (71 percent) could not correctly identify a functional fitness exercise — moves that train your muscles for daily use and often mimic common movements. However, more than half of Americans (59 percent) could pick out a functional fitness move, making them almost twice as knowledgeable about this major fitness trend.

More than 60 percent of both Americans and Europeans did not know that sweating more during a workout can indicate a higher level of personal fitness.

“When it comes to health and fitness, this data shows there is room for improvement on both sides of the Atlantic. And it starts at home with the personal health and fitness choices we make every day,” explained Tom Holland, an exercise physiologist, certified sports nutritionist and fitness advisor to Nautilus, Inc. “Knowledge is the first step in encouraging us to make smart decisions about what we eat and to get us moving.”

While the survey results suggest that there is room for improvement, there are several bright spots. Nearly half of Europeans (49 percent) understand what happens to the body after an individual stops working out — muscle starts to atrophy or waste away. In addition, many Americans (70 percent) and Europeans (78 percent) know that walking a mile or running a mile doesn’t burn the same number of calories.

“This year’s survey demonstrates that there is still work to be done around educating consumers to make smart choices about their health — not only in the United States, but abroad as well,” said Bruce Cazenave, CEO of Nautilus, Inc. “Our team continues to focus on supporting our customers to live a healthy lifestyle by empowering them with the innovative solutions they need along their fitness journeys.”